立冬 Rittō (Beginning of winter)

 

小雪 Shōsetsu (Lesser snow)

November 7-11

Camellias bloom

山茶始開
Tsubaki hajimete hiraku

November 22-26

 Rainbows hide

虹蔵不見
Niji kakurete miezu

 

November 12-16

Land starts to freeze

地始凍
Chi hajimete kōru

November 27-December 1

North wind blows the leaves from the trees

朔風払葉
Kitakaze konoha o harau

 

 

November 17-21

Daffodils bloom

金盞香
Kinsenka saku

December 2-6

Tachibana citrus tree leaves start to turn yellow

橘始黄
Tachibana hajimete kibamu

 

大雪 Taisetsu (Greater snow)

December 7-11

Cold sets in, winter begins 

閉塞成冬
Sora samuku fuyu to naru

 

December 12-16

Bears start hibernating in their dens

熊蟄穴
Kuma ana ni komoru

 

December 17-21

Salmons gather and swim upstream 

鱖魚群
Sake no uo muragaru

 

 

冬至 Tōji (Winter solstice)

 

小寒 Shōkan (Lesser cold)

 

大寒 Daikan (Greater cold)

 

December 22-26  

Self-heal sprouts 

乃東生
Natsukarekusa shōzu

January 5-9

Parsley flourishes 

芹乃栄
Seri sunawachi sakau

January 20-24

Butterburs bud

款冬華
Fuki no hana saku

 

December 27-31

Deer shed antlers 

麋角解
Sawashika no tsuno otsuru

January 10 - 14

Springs thaw

水泉動
Shimizu atataka o fukumu

January 25- 29

Ice thickens on streams 

水沢腹堅
Kiwamizu kōri tsumeru

 

January 1-4

Wheat sprouts under snow

雪下出麦
Yuki watarite mugi nobiru

January 15-19

Pheasants start to call 

雉始雊
Kiji hajimete naku

January 30 - February 3

Hens start laying eggs

鶏始乳
Niwatori hajimete toya ni tsuku