立夏 Rikka

Beginning of Summer 

 

小満   Shoman

Lesser ripening 

May 5–9

 Frogs start singing

蛙始鳴
Kawazu hajimete naku

May 21–25

Silkworms start feasting on mulberry leaves

蚕起食桑
Kaiko okite kuwa o hamu

May 10–14

Worms surface

蚯蚓出
Mimizu izuru

May 26–30

Safflowers bloom 

紅花栄
Benibana sakau

May 15–20

Bamboo shoots sprout

竹笋生
Takenoko shōzu

May 31–June 5

Wheat ripens and is harvested

麦秋至
Mugi no toki itaru

 

芒種 Bōshu 

Grain beards and seeds

June 6–10

Praying mantises hatch 

蟷螂生
Kamakiri shōzu

June 11–15

Rotten grass becomes fireflies 

腐草為螢
Kusaretaru kusa hotaru to naru

June 16–20

Plums become yellow

梅子黄
Ume no mi kibamu

 

夏至 Geshi 

Summer solstice

 

小暑 Shōsho 

Lesser heat

 

大暑 Taisho 

Greater heat

 

June 21–26

Self-heal withers 

乃東枯
Natsukarekusa karuru

July 7–11

Warm winds blow 

温風至
Atsukaze itaru

July 23-28

Paulownia tress produce seeds 

桐始結花
Kiri hajimete hana o musubu

June 27–July 1

Irisis bloom

菖蒲華
Ayame hana saku

July 12–16

First lotus blossom 

蓮始開
Hasu hajimete hiraku

July 29-August 2

Earth is dump, air is humid 

土潤溽暑
Tsuchi uruōte mushi atsushi

July 2–6

Crow dipper sprouts

半夏生
Hange shōzu

July 17-22

Hawks learn to fly 

鷹乃学習
Taka sunawachi waza o narau

August 3-7

Great rains sometimes fall 

大雨時行
Taiu tokidoki furu